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Junkers Ju-88

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Junkers Ju-88A-4 [N 1]
Ju88 infl 550

Ju-88 in flight[2]

Origin Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke AG[3]
Type Medium bomber
Engine(s) Two 1,340hp Junkers Jumo 211J
Fuel
Dimensions
Span 65ft 10 1/2in (20.13m)
Length 47ft 2 1/4in (14.4m)
Height 15ft 11in (4.85m)
Weights
Empty 17,637lb (8,000kg)
Loaded 30,865lb (14,000kg)
Performance
Speed 269mph (433km/h)
Service Ceiling 26,900ft (8,200m)
Range 1,112 miles (1,790 km)
Armament Two 7.92mm MG 81 or one MG 81 and one 13mm MG 131 firing forward, twin MG 81 or one MG 131 upper rear, one or two MG 81 at rear of ventral gondola.[N 2] Internal bomb load 1,100lb (500kg), plus four bomb racks - inner racks rated at 2,200lb (1,000kg), outer racks rated at 1,100lb (500kg) - to maximum load of 6,614lb (3,000kg)
History
First Flight (A-1) 7 September 1939
End of Production 1944/1945
End of service
Operators[1] (A-4) Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Romania - (Loaned)
Number Produced (A-4 and A-5) Approx 6,000

Piece of CakeEdit

Hornet Squadron encounter and attack what they beleive to be Ju-88s during the Battle of Southend Sands, only to later discover they were actually Bristol Blenheims. [4]

DescriptionEdit

The Junkers Ju 88 was a World War II German Luftwaffe twin-engine, multi-role aircraft. Designed by Hugo Junkers' company in the mid-1930s, it suffered from a number of technical problems during the later stages of its development and early operational roles, but became one of the most versatile combat aircraft of the war. Affectionately known as "The Maid of all Work" (a feminine version of "jack of all trades"), the Ju 88 proved to be suited to almost any role. Like a number of other Luftwaffe bombers, it was used successfully as a bomber, dive bomber, night fighter, torpedo bomber, reconnaissance aircraft, heavy fighter, and even as a flying bomb during the closing stages of conflict. Despite its protracted development, the aircraft became one of the Luftwaffe's most important assets. The assembly line ran constantly from 1936 to 1945, and more than 16,000 Ju 88s were built in dozens of variants, more than any other twin-engine German aircraft of the period. Throughout the production, the basic structure of the aircraft remained unchanged, proof of the outstanding quality of the original design.[5]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Standard early WW2 bomber version.[1]
  2. Later aircraft also had two MG 81 at the front of the gondola.[3]

SourcesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kay, Anthony and J R Smith. 2002.
  2. WW2 Planes Website
  3. 3.0 3.1 Gunston, Bill. Salamander. 1988.
  4. Robinson, Derek, 1983. Page 75
  5. Warbirds Resource Group Ju-88 entry

BibliographyEdit

  • Gunston, Bill. Illustrtated Directory of Fighting Aircraft of World War II. Salamander Books. 1988. ISBN 0-86101-390-5.
  • Kay, Anthony and J R Smith. Greman Aircraft of the Second World. Putman. 2002
  • Robinson, Derek. Piece of Cake. Pan Books. 1983

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